Within the penal system, Lombroso's work led to new forms of punishment, where occasionally punishment varied based on the defendant's biological background. In Criminal Woman, as introduced in an English translation by Nicole Hahn Rafter and Mary Gibson, Lombroso used his theory of atavism to explain women's criminal offending. Lombroso's The Man of Genius provided inspiration for Max Nordau 's work, as evidenced by his dedication of Degeneration to Lombroso, whom he considered to be his "dear and honored master".
Lombroso's theory has been cited as possibly "the most influential doctrine" in all areas studying human behavior, and indeed, its impact extended far and wide. After he died, his skull and brain were measured according to his own theories by a colleague as he requested in his will; his head was preserved in a jar and is still displayed with his collection at the Museum of Psychiatry and Criminology in Turin. Through years of postmortem examinations and anthropometric studies of criminals, the insane, and normal individuals, Lombroso became convinced that the "born criminal" reo nato, a term given by Ferri could be anatomically identified by such items as a sloping forehead, ears of unusual size, asymmetry of the face, prognathism , excessive length of arms, asymmetry of the cranium, and other "physical stigmata".
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Legacy[ edit ] Self-proclaimed the founder of modern scientific psychiatry , Lombroso is purported to have coined the term criminology. Pushkin's only full-length play, it was inspired by the political intrigues, social turmoil, and multifaceted personalities of Russia's Time of Troubles Most have closed down, but the concept is kept alive with modern correctional facilities like Cook County Jail.
In Criminal Woman, as introduced in an English translation by Nicole Hahn Rafter and Mary Gibson, Lombroso used his theory of atavism to explain women's criminal offending. He recognized the diminished role of organic factors in many habitual offenders and referred to the delicate balance between predisposing factors organic, genetic and precipitating factors such as one's environment, opportunity, or poverty.
He published an article on the subject in in which he isolated thirteen typical features of the "art of the insane.